Early years[ edit ] Jean-Baptiste Regnault:
The two most notorious and prosperous city-states of Greece were Athens and Sparta. But what led them to fight against one another? What is it that made almost fifty years of living in peace come to an end?
After the Persian War ended, as many as one hundred and forty city-states created an alliance known as the Delian League, which was under the leadership of Athens. This agreement was formed to defend shipments from the Black Sea and for mutual defense against the Persians.
The League served its purpose for a while, but then Athens started misusing the Leagues funds in a selfish manner using it to rebuild their city-state, which had been destroyed by the Persians.
Over time, they became the most powerful city-state in Greece. Sparta, having long been in a rivalry against them, was discontent. With other angered city-states, Sparta declared war on Athens.
Thus, the Peloponnesian War started. The war lasted for twenty eight years. Sparta took advantage of the militaristic education and training of their young people to fight.
This city-state made the first move, laying waste on the Athenian food supply. The Athenians escaped from the attack, seeking shelter behind the citys walls. Due to overpopulation, a plague started to develop amongst the Athenian population, therefore killing lots of habitants, including one of their greatest orators and politicians, Pericles.
They later planned and led an attack to the city of Sicily. Democracy was then abolished by aristocrats and later restored, weakening Athenians even more.
In the end, Athens surrendered in B. The war, however, did not end without consequences. A great amount of land was ruined, causing sufferings in agriculture.
Implements used for farming and livestock were destroyed, as well. The number of adult male citizens was half what it had been before the war. What we can say about this is that this war made a dramatic change in Greece. The Peloponnesian War made the Greeks weak.Foreword to the Third Edition.
B runo Leoni was a devoted proponent, in virtually all his activities, of those ideals we call liberal. He was a remarkable talented, intelligent, able, persuasive, multifaceted individual who might well have deserved the description. PELOPONNESIAN WAR A war brought them together, another war did them apart.
The two most notorious and prosperous city-states of Greece were Athens and Sparta.
The Peloponnesian War (– BC) was an ancient Greek war fought by the Delian League led by Athens against the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta. Historians have . The polis or city-state of ancient Greece was. The basic cause of the Peloponnesian War was. the rivalry between Sparta and Athens.
Nov 26, · The Peloponnesian War (– BC) was an ancient Greek war fought by the Delian League led by Athens against the Peloponnesian League led by . The Peloponnesian War (– BC) was an ancient Greek war fought by the Delian League led by Athens against the Peloponnesian League led by Sparta. Historians have . In BC, delegates from the Sicilian city of Segesta (Greek: Egesta) arrived at Athens to plead for the support of the Athenians in their war against benjaminpohle.com the debates on the undertaking, Nicias was vehemently opposed to Athenian intervention, explaining that the campaign would be very costly and attacking the character and motives of Alcibiades.
As a result of the Peloponnesian War, Sparta The Triumph of Greek Civilization. 54 terms. GLOBAL STUDIES AND GEOGRAPHY H - Chapter 4 & 5 Test. 39 terms. Ancient Greek civilization - The 4th century: Dionysius I of Syracuse (c.
–) can be seen as a transitional figure between the 5th century and the 4th and indeed between Classical and Hellenistic Greece. His career began in , after the seven troubled years in Sicily that followed the Athenian surrender in For most of this period there was war .
The Peloponnesian war alliances in BC.
Orange: Athenian Empire and Allies; Green: Spartan Confederacy Athens, the semi-democratic state that lent so many of its ideals to Rome and to western civilization as a whole in the modern age, and Sparta, the professional military state that seemed to have no parallel on the battlefields of the time, fought a war for control of Greece and the eastern .