An introduction to the history and geography of malaysia

Land Relief, drainage, and soils Brunei consists of a narrow coastal plain in the north, which gives way to rugged hills in the south. Brunei is drained by the BelaitTutong, and Brunei rivers in the western segment and by the Pandaruan and Temburong rivers in the east; all flow generally northward to the South China Sea. The Belait is the largest river in the country. The soils of Brunei are deeply weathered, highly leached, and generally infertile.

An introduction to the history and geography of malaysia

An introduction to the history and geography of malaysia

Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. People The people of Malaysia are unevenly distributed between Peninsular and East Malaysiawith the vast majority living in Peninsular Malaysia.

The population shows great ethnic, linguistic, cultural, and religious diversity.

Within this diversity, a significant distinction is made for administrative purposes between indigenous peoples including Malayscollectively called bumiputra, and immigrant populations primarily Chinese and South Asianscalled non-bumiputra.

Ethnic groups and languages The Malay Peninsula and the northern coast of Borneoboth situated at the nexus of one of the major maritime trade routes of the world, have long been the meeting place of peoples from other parts of Asia.

As a result, the population of Malaysia, like that of Southeast Asia as a whole, shows great ethnographic complexity. Helping to unite this diversity of peoples is the national language, a standardized form of Malayofficially called Bahasa Malaysia formerly Bahasa Melayu.

It is spoken to some degree by most communitiesand it is the main medium of instruction in public primary and secondary schools. Peninsular Malaysia In general, peninsular Malaysians can be divided into four groups. The Orang Asli constitute the smallest group and can be classified ethnically into the Jakunwho speak a dialect of Malayand the Semang and Senoiwho speak languages of the Mon-Khmer language family.

The Malays originated in different parts of the peninsula and archipelagic Southeast Asia. They generally share with each other a common culturebut with some regional variation, and they speak dialects of a common Austronesian language —Malay.

The most obvious cultural differences occur between the Malays living near the southern tip of the peninsula and those inhabiting the eastern and western coastal areas.

Unlike the other ethnic groups of Malaysia, Malays are officially defined in part by their adherence to a specific religion, Islam. They are linguistically more diverse than the Malays, speaking several different Chinese languages ; in Peninsular Malaysia, Hokkien and Hainanese Southern Min languagesCantoneseand Hakka are the most prominent.

Relief, drainage, and soils

Because these languages are not mutually intelligible, it is not uncommon for two Chinese to converse in a lingua franca such as Mandarin Chinese, English, or Malay.

The community that is colloquially called Baba Chinese includes those Malaysians of mixed Chinese and Malay ancestry who speak a Malay patois but otherwise remain Chinese in customs, manners, and habit.

The peoples from South Asia—Indians, Pakistanis, and Sri Lankans—constitute a small but significant portion of the Malaysian population. Linguistically, they can be subdivided into speakers of Dravidian languages TamilTeluguMalayalamand others and speakers of Indo-European languages PunjabiBengaliPashtoand Sinhalese.

The Tamil speakers are the largest group. Sarawak The population of East Malaysia is ethnographically even more complex than that of Peninsular Malaysia. The government, tending to oversimplify the situation in Sarawak and Sabah, officially recognizes only some of the dozens of ethnolinguistic groups in those two states.

The various indigenous peoples of Sarawak speak distinct Austronesian languages. The Iban, formidable warriors of the 19th and early 20th centuries, trace their origins to the Kapuas River region in what is now northern West KalimantanIndonesia.

The traditional Iban territory in Sarawak spans the hilly southwestern interior of the state. Iban who still live in rural regions usually cultivate rice through shifting agriculturewhereby fields are cleared, planted for a short period, and then abandoned for several years to allow the soil to regenerate.

The Iban language is related to, but distinct from, Malay. The Chinese of Sarawak generally live in the region between the coast and the uplands.

In the rural areas, they usually grow cash crops in smallholdings. They speak mostly Hakka and Fuzhou a Northern Min language rather than Cantonese, Hokkien, and Hainanese, which are predominant among peninsular Chinese.

Few Malays of Sarawak are of peninsular origin; rather, most are the descendants of various indigenous peoples who since the midth century have converted to Islam.We are delighted to welcome Ashgate Publishing and Gower books into the Taylor & Francis Group.

Unlike most editing & proofreading services, we edit for everything: grammar, spelling, punctuation, idea flow, sentence structure, & more. Get started now! Malaysia is a beautiful country located in Southeast Asia. Malaysia’s attraction comes from its natural beauty and its diversity in culture.

An introduction to the history and geography of malaysia

This page provides you some features of Malaysia including famous places, foods and drinks and its diverse culture. Malaysia is a multiethnic state in which Malays constitute roughly half the total population and Chinese about one-fourth, with Indians and tribal minorities making up the remainder.

Malaysia is one big pristine jungle

The Malaysia n constitution does not recognize the country’s pluralistic composition: Malay is . Geography of Malaysia Malaysia is located in the southeast of the Asian continent; therefore this region is often referred to as Southeast Asia.

There are over 28 million inhabitants in the country (January ). For centuries, port cities on the Malay Archipelago served as important stops for spice and silk traders plying the Indian Ocean. Although the region has an ancient culture and a rich history, the nation of Malaysia is only about 50 years old.

Malaysia's government is a constitutional monarchy.

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