An introduction to the history of the republic of pakistan

Jerusalem has a special place in the hearts of the GAFCON movement as it was the location of our very first conference back in

An introduction to the history of the republic of pakistan

Courtesy of the Pakistan Embassy, Washington, D. It contains a section of the ancient Silk Road and the Khyber Pass, the famous passageway that has brought outside influences into the otherwise isolated subcontinent.

Lofty peaks such as K2 and Nanga Parbatin the Pakistani-administered region of Kashmirpresent a challenging lure to mountain climbers. Along the Indus River, the artery of the country, the ancient site of Mohenjo-daro marks one of the cradles of civilization.

Established as a parliamentary democracy that espoused secular ideas, the country has experienced repeated military coups, and religion—that is to say, adherence to the values of Sunni Islam—has increasingly become a standard by which political leaders are measured.

An introduction to the history of the republic of pakistan

In various parts of the country, instances of ethnic, religious, and social conflict have flared up from time to time, often rendering those areas virtually ungovernable by the central authorities, and acts of violence against religious minorities have increased.

At the time of partition inas many as 10 million Muslim refugees fled their homes in India and sought refuge in Pakistan—about 8 million in West Pakistan. Virtually an equal number of Hindus and Sikhs were uprooted from their land and familiar surroundings in what became Pakistan, and they fled to India.

Unlike the earlier migrations, which took centuries to unfold, these chaotic population transfers took hardly one year. The resulting impact on the life of the subcontinent has reverberated ever since in the rivalries between the two countries, and each has continued to seek a lasting modus vivendi with the other.

Pakistan and India have fought four wars, three of which —49,and were over Kashmir.

An introduction to the history of the republic of pakistan

Since both countries have also possessed nuclear weapons, further heightening tensions between them. Land Pakistan is bounded by Iran to the west, Afghanistan to the northwest and north, China to the northeast, and India to the east and southeast.

The coast of the Arabian Sea forms its southern border. Since the Kashmir region, along the western Himalayashas been disputed, with Pakistan, India, and China each controlling sections of the territory.

The remainder of Pakistani-administered Kashmir consists of Gilgit and Baltistan, known collectively as the Northern Areas. Relief and drainage Pakistan is situated at the western end of the great Indo-Gangetic Plain.


Of the total area of the country, about three-fifths consists of rough mountainous terrain and plateaus, and the remaining two-fifths constitutes a wide expanse of level plain. The land can be divided into five major regions: Within each major division there are further subdivisions, including a number of desert areas.

Pakistan The Himalayan and Karakoram ranges The Himalayas, which have long been a physical and cultural divide between South and Central Asiaform the northern rampart of the subcontinent, and their western ranges occupy the entire northern end of Pakistan, extending about miles km into the country.

Spreading over Kashmir and northern Pakistan, the western Himalayan system splits into three distinct ranges, which are, from south to north, the Pir Panjal Rangethe Zaskar Rangeand the Ladakh Range.

Farther north is the Karakoram Rangewhich is a separate system adjoining the Himalayas. This series of ranges varies in elevation from roughly 13, feet 4, metres to higher than 19, feet 6, metres above sea level.

These include such towering peaks as Nanga Parbat 26, feet [8, metres] and K2also called Godwin Austen 28, feet [8, metres]in the Northern Areas. Several important rivers flow from, or through, the mountains of Kashmir into Pakistan. South of the Pir Panjal is the northwestern extension of the Shiwalik Range there rising to about to feet [ to metres]which extend over the southern part of the Hazara and Murree hills and include the hills surrounding Rawalpindi and neighbouring Islamabad.

The highway, a marvel of modern technology, carries considerable commerce between the two countries but has promoted little cultural exchange.

Country Profile

The northern mountain barrier influences the precipitation pattern in Pakistan by intercepting monsoon rain-bearing winds from the south. Melting snow and glacial meltwater from the mountains also feed the rivers, including the Indus, which emerge from the east-west-aligned ranges to flow southward.Culture of Pakistan - history, people, clothing, traditions, women, beliefs, food, customs, family No-Sa.

Relief and drainage Enjoy a more detailed history of the Norton name by clicking along the timeline below.
An Introduction to Pakistan The Indus Valley civilization, one of the oldest in the world and dating back at least 5, years, spread over much of what is presently Pakistan. During the second millennium B.
Pakistan - Wikipedia Pakistani Alternative Names While the official name of the nation is the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, generally the country has been referred to as Pakistan since

Since , QEI has been manufacturing supervisory control, telemetry, and network monitoring devices for industrial and municipal applications like power stations, factories, pipelines, and water systems.

Pakistan is bordered by India on the east, the Arabian Sea on the south, Iran on the southwest, and Afghanistan on the west and north; in the northeast is the disputed territory (with India) of Kashmir, of which the part occupied by Pakistan borders also on China.

Islamic Republic of Pakistan. Form of government: federal republic with two legislative houses (Senate []; National Assembly []) Introduction National anthem of Pakistan Pakistan is a Muslim country in southern Asia.

It shares its early history with its . Pakistan (Urdu: پاکِستان ‬ ‎), officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (Urdu: اِسلامی جمہوریہ پاکِستان ‬ ‎), is a country in South is the sixth-most populous country with a population exceeding ,, people.

In area, it is the 33rd-largest country, spanning , square kilometres (, square miles).Calling code: + The third Global Anglican Future Conference (GAFCON) was held in Jerusalem between Sunday 17 & Friday 22nd June Jerusalem has a special place in the hearts of the GAFCON movement as it was the location of our very first conference back in The city stands as a constant reminder of the birth of the Gospel and the movement’s .

An Introduction to Pakistan