Photograph, Introduction Karl Heinrich Marx - was a German philosopher, political theorist and revolutionary of the 19th Century.
Marx was often portrayed by his followers as a scientist rather than a moralist. He did not deal directly with the ethical issues that occupied the philosophers so far discussed. His materialist conception of history is, rather, an attempt to explain all ideas, whether… Marx was educated from to at the high school in Trier.
Suspected of harbouring liberal teachers and pupils, the school was under police surveillance. In October he matriculated at the University of Bonn. The courses he attended were exclusively in the humanities, in such subjects as Greek and Roman mythology and the history of art.
He participated in customary student activities, fought a duel, and spent a day in jail for being drunk and disorderly. A politically rebellious student culture was, indeed, part of life at Bonn. Marx, however, left Bonn after a year and in October enrolled at the University of Berlin to study law and philosophy.
Their chief figure was Bruno Bauera young lecturer in theology, who was developing the idea that the Christian Gospels were a record not of history but of human fantasies arising from emotional needs and that Jesus had not been a historical person.
Marx enrolled in a course of lectures given by Bauer on the prophet Isaiah. The Young Hegelians began moving rapidly toward atheism and also talked vaguely of political action. The Prussian government, fearful of the subversion latent in the Young Hegelians, soon undertook to drive them from the universities.
Bauer was dismissed from his post in By the Young Hegelians had become left republicans. Urged by his friends, he submitted a doctoral dissertation to the university at Jena, which was known to be lax in its academic requirements, and received his degree in April His thesis analyzed in a Hegelian fashion the difference between the natural philosophies of Democritus and Epicurus.
More distinctively, it sounded a note of Promethean defiance: Philosophy makes no secret of it. In January Marx began contributing to a newspaper newly founded in Colognethe Rheinische Zeitung.
It was the liberal democratic organ of a group of young merchants, bankers, and industrialists; Cologne was the centre of the most industrially advanced section of Prussia. He believed that censorship could have only evil consequences.An Introduction to Karl Marx is a book about Karl Marx by the social and political theorist Jon Elster.
Summary Elster analyzes Marx's ideas from the standpoint of rational choice theory.
Scholarly reception The political scientist David McLellan, writing in the edition of his Karl Marx: His Life and Thought, praised the work for its rigor and . Karl Marx, in full Karl Heinrich Marx, (born May 5, , Trier, Rhine province, Prussia [Germany]—died March 14, , London, England), revolutionary, sociologist, historian, and economist.
He published (with Friedrich Engels) Manifest der Kommunistischen Partei (), commonly known as The Communist Manifesto, the most celebrated . This paper consists of an introduction to the life and work of Iring Fetscher by the interviewer, followed by a conversation with Fetscher, and notes.
In the interview, Fetscher discusses his relationship to Marxism, Hegelianism, Lukács, and the Frankfurt School, as well as his critique of Althusser. 1.
Marx’s Life and Works. Karl Marx was born in Trier, in the German Rhineland, in Although his family was Jewish they converted to Christianity so that his father could pursue his career as a lawyer in the face of Prussia’s anti-Jewish laws. An Introduction to Karl Marx is a book about Karl Marx by Jon Elster.
Summary Elster analyzes Marx's ideas from the standpoint of rational choice theory. Scholarly reception Political scientist David McLellan, writing in the edition of his Karl Marx: His Life and Thought, praised the work for its rigor and accessibility.
Karl Heinrich Marx ( - ) was a German philosopher, political theorist and revolutionary of the 19th Century. Both a scholar and a political activist, Marx is often called the father of Communism, and certainly his Marxist theory provided the intellectual base for various subsequent forms of Communism.