Ap world history model essays for french

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Ap world history model essays for french

Under the Place du Carrousela portion of the Charles V wall discovered during archaeological diggings in A page of the first book printed in France At the beginning of the 12th century, the French kings of the Capetian dynasty controlled little more than Paris and the surrounding region, but they did their best to build up Paris as the political, economic, religious and cultural capital of France.

The Left Bank south of the Seine was the site of the new University of Paris established by the Church and royal court to train scholars in theology, mathematics and law, and the two great monasteries of Paris: The fortified castle was a great rectangle of 72 by 78 metres, with four towers, and surrounded by a moat.

In the centre was a circular tower thirty meters high. The foundations can be seen today in the basement of the Louvre Museum. Before he departed for the Third CrusadePhilip II began construction of new fortifications for the city. He built a stone wall on the Left Bank, with thirty round towers.

On the Right Bank, the wall extended for 2. Many pieces of the wall can still be seen today, particularly in the Le Marais district. His third great project, much appreciated by the Parisians, was to pave the foul-smelling mud streets with stone.

Over the Seine, he also rebuilt two wooden bridges in stone, the Petit-Pont and Grand-Pontand he began construction on the Right Bank of a covered market, Les Halles. Two of the great ceremonial halls still remain within the structure of the Palais de Justice.

He also built a more sinister structure, the Gibbet of Montfauconnear the modern Place du Colonel Fabien and the Parc des Buttes Chaumontwhere the corpses of executed criminals were displayed. He also built the Bastillea large fortress guarding the Porte Saint-Antoine at the eastern end of Paris, and an imposing new fortress at Vincenneseast of city.

Then, from tohe rebuilt the rear of the church with a majestic and dramatic wall of stained glass windows that flooded the church with light. This style, which later was named Gothicwas copied by other Paris churches: The first stone of the choir of the cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris was laid inand the altar was consecrated in It was an immense structure, metres long, with towers 63 meters high and seats for worshippers.

The plan of the cathedral was copied on a smaller scale on the Left Bank of the Seine in the church of Saint-Julien-le-Pauvre. Built between andit has the oldest stained glass windows preserved in Paris. At the same time that the Saint-Chapelle was built, the great stained glass rose windowseighteen meters high, were added to the transept of the cathedral.

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Students, scholars and monks flocked to the city from England, Germany and Italy to engage in intellectual exchanges, to teach and be taught. The University of Paris was originally organised in the midth century as a guild or corporation of students and teachers. Some twenty thousand students lived on the Left Bank, which became known as the Latin Quarterbecause Latin was the language of instruction at the university and the common language in which the foreign students could converse.

The poorer students lived in colleges Collegia pauperum magistrorumwhich were hotels where they were lodged and fed.

ap world history model essays for french

Inthe chaplain of Louis IX, Robert de Sorbonopened the oldest and most famous College of the University, which was later named after him, the Sorbonne. The importance of guilds of craftsmen was reflected in the gesture of the city government to adapt its coat of arms, featuring a ship, from the symbol of the guild of the boatmen.

Saint Louis created the first municipal council of Paris, with twenty-four members.

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Inthe population of the city was about , which made it the most populous city in Europe. With the growth in population came growing social tensions; the first riots took place in December against the Provost of the Merchants, who was accused of raising rents. The houses of many merchants were burned, and twenty-eight rioters were hanged.

After initial concessions by the Crown, the city was retaken by royalist forces in ClassZone Book Finder. Follow these simple steps to find online resources for your book. Search the world's information, including webpages, images, videos and more.

Google has many special features to help you find exactly what you're looking for. The progress seen in the late 20th century has stalled in the 21st. Even though around 40% of the world’s population, more people than ever before, live in countries that will hold free and fair.

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Food Timeline: history notes-pie & pastry