As long as writing was seen merely as transcription, as it was by such pioneering linguists as Ferdinand de Saussure and Leonard Bloomfield earlier in the 20th century, its conceptual significance was seriously underestimated. Once writing was seen as providing a new medium for linguistic expression, its distinctness from speech was more clearly grasped.
Search Sumerian Sumerian was spoken in Sumer in southern Mesopotamia part of modern Iraq from perhaps the 4th millennium BC until about 2, BC, when it was replaced by Akkadian as a spoken language, though continued to be used in writing for religious, artistic and scholarly purposes until about the 1st century AD.
Sumerian is not related to any other known language so is classified as a language isolate. Sumerian cuneiform Sumerian cuneiform is the earliest known writing system. Its origins can be traced back to about 8, BC and it developed from the pictographs and other symbols used to represent trade goods and livestock on clay tablets.
Originally the Sumerians made small tokens out of clay to represent the items. The tokens were kept together in sealed clay envelopes, and in order to show what was inside the envelopes, they press the tokens into the clay in the outside.
Examples of the clay tokens Over time they realised that the tokens were not needed as they could make the symbols in the clay. They also developed a numeral system to represent multiple instances of the same symbol rather than just inscribing them all.
The symbols became stylised over time and eventually evolved into a complete writing system. The name 'cuneiform' means 'wedge-shaped' and comes from the Latin cuneus wedge.
It is based on the appearance of the strokes, which were made by pressing a reed stylus into clay. These type of symbol emerged in 3, BC. By about 2, BC some of the Sumerian glyphs were being used to represent sounds using the rebus principle.
For example, the symbol for arrow, pronounced 'ti', was used to represent the word for life til. There were also many glyphs which were pronounced the same but represented different words.
Later a system of determinatives, which gave you a hint at the category a word belonged to, and of phonetic components, which indicated how to pronounce a word, developed, and helped disambiguate the meanings of glyphs. Here are some examples of how glyphs changed over time: Many of the symbols had multiple pronunciations.
Sumerian Sumerian syllabic glyphs Sample texts Summary account of silver for the governor written in Sumerian Cuneiform on a clay tablet.
From Shuruppak, Iraq, circa BC. JPG All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.Writing.
by R. A. Guisepi. The International History Project, The invention of writing was one of the great advances in civilization. Writing, in fact, helps assure the continuity of civilization, because it carries a tangible record of the human race from generation to generation.
The Korean alphabet, known as Hangul (/ ˈ h ɑː n ɡ uː l / HAHN-gool; from Korean 한글 Korean pronunciation: [ha(ː)n.ɡɯl]) has been used to write the Korean language since its creation in the 15th century by Sejong the Great.
It may also be written Hangeul following the standard Romanization.. It is the official writing system of North Korea and South Korea. Writing. by R. A. Guisepi. The International History Project, The invention of writing was one of the great advances in civilization. Writing, in fact, helps assure the continuity of civilization, because it carries a tangible record of the human race from generation to generation.
Edit Article How to Have Beautiful Writing. In this Article: Article Summary Improving Your Basic Penmanship Writing More Beautiful Cursive Learning Basic Calligraphy Community Q&A Handwriting can seem like an ancient relic in our modern world; some even claim that teaching cursive writing in schools is “obsolete” and a “waste of time.”.
Sumerian. Sumerian was spoken in Sumer in southern Mesopotamia (part of modern Iraq) from perhaps the 4th millennium BC until about 2, BC, when it was replaced by Akkadian as a spoken language, though continued to be used in writing for religious, artistic and scholarly purposes until about the 1st century AD.
The world has hidden letters everywhere! I have been providing alphabet photography art since The majority of my images are from the Denver metro area and the Rocky Mountains.