Current and future challenges that the laws have on special education

The federal government has assumed a key role in stimulating state and local efforts to improve transition services through a variety of policy, interagency, systems change, model demonstration, and research efforts. From this federal legislation, regulations were established requiring state and local education agencies specifically to address the school and postschool transition service needs of students with disabilities. These needs are to be met through coordinated planning among special educators, general educators, community service agencies, parents, and students.

Current and future challenges that the laws have on special education

How do you know what you can realistically expect? How do you get what you want for your child?

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Laws and regulations Part of what makes everything so confusing is the way the legal process works. First, Congress passes a law. At that time, several substantive changes were made in the law. Advertisement Next, the U. Department of Education writes regulations to help explain the law.

The public was asked to give input, and a lengthy process followed. The regulations for IDEA are expected to finally become part of the federal code and made available in late — two years after the law passed.

Meanwhile, each state has to make sure its laws are in compliance with federal law. This means that new laws had to be passed by state legislators in order to be in compliance with IDEA. While states must offer at least what the federal government requires, they may choose to provide more.

Advertisement After laws are passed in each state, the respective Department of Education develops its regulations that give more information about the law. So now we have state regulations as well. Sometimes they include more than the federal government requires, but never any less.

Your state may actually provide more for your child than a neighboring state or the federal government. Most states explain what 21 means and when services will cease.

But the state of Michigan has chosen to make services available to eligible students until the age of So if you move from one state to another, you may find services to be different.

When the court interprets the law and makes its decision, it sets a precedent for future cases. And this is often where issues become complicated. You may also need to know about court decisions that affect your state or the states included in your federal court circuit.

Sometimes cases have gone all the way to the U. Supreme Court, and those rulings apply to all of the states. What it means There may be a breakdown in communication between you and the school because of differing information about all the laws, regulations, and relevant case law affecting special education.

For example, you may have heard about a certain method of teaching that sounds great for your child.

Current and future challenges that the laws have on special education

And when you went to school and asked to have that method used, the school said no. What you may not know is that the Supreme Court decided that the choice of teaching methodology is up to the schools.

Then you may be able to pick a specific method of teaching. As a parent, you want the best for your child and that may lead to disagreement over what free appropriate public education FAPE means.

Let the school know you want to work in partnership with them. Remember that you have responsibilities as well as rights. How do they know that your child is making progress? What do the standardized test results mean?

How can you help at home? Share information with schools. Write down the issues ahead of time so that you can cover all your concerns and not feel frustrated at the end of the meeting.After laws are passed in each state, the respective Department of Education develops its regulations that give more information about the law.

So now we have state regulations as well. The parents’ rights and responsibilities you receive apply specifically to your state. Special Ed's Greatest Challenges and Solutions. work to get their arms around the bigger issues, the result is the same: There are a number of seemingly insurmountable challenges in special education, and not much is being said about them.

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