Designing a Classroom Management PlanIntroduction: For this task, you will analyze and incorporate classroom management theories and evidence-based strategies as they apply to the design of a classroom management plan. Your submission must be your original work.
Flipped Classroom The flipped classroom approach has been used for years in some disciplines, notably within the humanities. Barbara Walvoord and Virginia Johnson Anderson promoted the use of this approach in their book Effective Grading They propose a model in which students gain first-exposure learning prior to class and focus on the processing part of learning synthesizing, analyzing, problem-solving, etc.
To ensure that students do the preparation necessary for productive class time, Walvoord and Anderson propose an assignment-based model in which students produce work writing, problems, etc.
Walvoord and Anderson describe examples of how this approach has been implemented in history, physics, and biology classes, suggesting its broad applicability.
Inverted Classroom Maureen Lage, Glenn Platt, and Michael Treglia described a similar approach as the inverted classroom, and reported its application in an introductory economics course in Lage, Platt, Describe a classroom essay Treglia initiated their experiment in response to the observation that the traditional lecture format is incompatible with some learning styles.
To help ensure student preparation for class, students were expected to complete worksheets that were periodically but randomly collected and graded.
Class time was then spent on activities that encouraged students to process and apply economics principles, ranging from mini-lectures in response to student questions to economic experiments to small group discussions of application problems.
Both student and instructor response to the approach was positive, with instructors noting that students appeared more motivated than when the course was taught in a traditional format.
Peer Instruction Eric Mazur and Catherine Crouch describe a modified form of the flipped classroom that they term peer instruction Like the approaches described by Walvoord and Anderson and Lage, Platt, and Treglia, the peer instruction PI model requires that students gain first exposure prior to class, and uses assignments in this case, quizzes to help ensure that students come to class prepared.
Class time is structured around alternating mini-lectures and conceptual questions.
After discussion, students answer the conceptual question again. The instructor provides feedback, explaining the correct answer and following up with related questions if appropriate.
The cycle is then repeated with another topic, with each cycle typically taking minutes. Mazur and colleagues have published results suggesting that the PI method results in significant learning gains when compared to traditional instruction He found that students taught with interactive engagement methods exhibited learning gains almost two standard deviations higher than those observed in the traditional courses 0.
Assessment of classes taught by the PI method provides evidence of even greater learning gains, with students in PI courses exhibiting learning gains ranging from 0. Interestingly, two introductory physics classes taught by traditional methods during the assessment period at Harvard show much lower learning gains 0.
Carl Wieman and colleagues have also published evidence that flipping the classroom can produce significant learning gains Deslauriers et al. Wieman and colleagues compared two sections of a large-enrollment physics class. The classes were both taught via interactive lecture methods for the majority of the semester and showed no significant differences prior to the experiment.
Although class discussion was supported by targeted instructor feedback, no formal lecture was included in the experimental group. The control section was encouraged to read the same assignments prior to class and answered most of the same clicker questions for summative assessment but were not intentionally engaged in active learning exercises during class.
Although the authors did not address retention of the gains over time, this dramatic increase in student learning supports the use of the flipped classroom model. Theoretical basis How People Learn, the seminal work from John Bransford, Ann Brown, and Rodney Cocking, reports three key findings about the science of learning, two of which help explain the success of the flipped classroom.
By providing an opportunity for students to use their new factual knowledge while they have access to immediate feedback from peers and the instructor, the flipped classroom helps students learn to correct misconceptions and organize their new knowledge such that it is more accessible for future use.
What are the key elements of the flipped classroom? Provide an opportunity for students to gain first exposure prior to class. The mechanism used for first exposure can vary, from simple textbook readings to lecture videos to podcasts or screencasts.
For example, Grand Valley State University math professor Robert Talbert provides screencasts on class topics on his YouTube channelwhile Vanderbilt computer science professor Doug Fisher provides his students video lectures prior to class see examples here and here.
Provide an incentive for students to prepare for class. In all the examples cited above, students completed a task associated with their preparation…. The assignment can vary; the examples above used tasks that ranged from online quizzes to worksheets to short writing assignments, but in each case the task provided an incentive for students to come to class prepared by speaking the common language of undergraduates: In many cases, grading for completion rather than effort can be sufficient, particularly if class activities will provide students with the kind of feedback that grading for accuracy usually provides.
Provide a mechanism to assess student understanding. The pre-class assignments that students complete as evidence of their preparation can also help both the instructor and the student assess understanding.
If automatically graded, the quizzes can also help students pinpoint areas where they need help. Importantly, much of the feedback students need is provided in class, reducing the need for instructors to provide extensive commentary outside of class Walvoord and Anderson, In addition, many of the activities used during class time e.
Provide in-class activities that focus on higher level cognitive activities. If the students gained basic knowledge outside of class, then they need to spend class time to promote deeper learning.An essay is not an essay without any research. Explain your students, that it is always better for them to choose a topic they understand well and have an opportunity to make a research on.
Describe the important classroom factors (demographics and environment) and student factors (IEPs, s, ELLs, non-labeled challenged students), and the impact of those factors on planning, teaching and assessing students to facilitate learning for all students.
Strategies for Writing About Each of the 7 New UC Essay Prompts (Transfer students pick 3 to write about) Here are my ideas and tips on ways you could think about the 7 essay prompts to get started. Culture in the Classroom. Print.
SHARE. email facebook twitter Professional Development Topic. Classroom Culture. Educators today hear a lot about gaps in education – achievement gaps, funding gaps, school-readiness gaps. Still, there's another gap that often goes unexamined: the cultural gap between students and teachers.
In this essay. Eric Mazur and Catherine Crouch describe a modified form of the flipped classroom that they term peer instruction (). Like the approaches described by Walvoord and Anderson and Lage, Platt, and Treglia, the peer instruction (PI) model requires that students gain first exposure prior to class, and uses assignments (in this case, quizzes) to.
In ,words: benjaminpohle.combe the relationship between language and literacy development. benjaminpohle.comn how language abilities and deficiencies affect literacy development. Include specific examples of language abilities and deficiencies.
benjaminpohle.combe two language and literacy development strategies or activities used in the classroom. benjaminpohle.combe two language and literacy development strategies or.