Overview[ edit ] Until the end of the 19th century, the United States had a special relationship primarily with nearby Mexico and Cuba. Otherwise, relationships with other Latin American countries were of minor importance to both sides, consisting mostly of a small amount of trade. Apart from Mexico, there was little migration to the United States and little American financial investment.
The idea of expansion and land ownership were deeply embedded into the American way of life.
It is critical to note that the Monroe Doctrine was not the first American document to display Americans urge for more land, being twenty years previous they just made their most grand purchase of land Lousiana Purchase. Mexico was regarded as a great benefit for multiple reasons. First and foremost, the United States decided to intervene in Mexico, which led to gaining more Western land.
Polk requested troops to be sent to Mexico. Newspaper article showing US views on newly formed nation. Painting of the USS Maine. The decision then became a great advantage for the United States because they took control of Cuba and guaranteed its protection.
In particular, a political group called the Young Americans wanted to gain Cuba as a state.
They wanted this in response to California becoming a free state, and the South wanted to equalize the number of free and slave states in the Union. At first they wanted the president to buy it, but when this failed they called for it to be taken by force; a demand that was widely condemned by those in the United States and abroad.
Geographically speaking, the Falklands would belong to the Argentinians. Two years later, the British returned and began to use the port on the island as a naval outpost. The British wanted the Islands to be able to maintain their naval superiority and trading empire in the Western Hemisphere. The United States did not see the British as a threat because the British supported the Monroe Doctrine; however, the Falklands were in the Western Hemisphere, and the British were directly involved in colonizing it, which was a direct breach of the Monroe Doctrine.
The Falkland Islands are roughly the size of Connecticut, but are conveniently located near a major shipping lane. So, if the British were to decide to cut off the East Coast from the West Coast, they could easily do it by using its naval superiority to blockade the area off.
Flag of the newly formed nation Gran Columbia Gran Colombia was of vital importance to the United States because of the strategic interests of having good relations with the country that controlled the Panamanian Isthmus.
This area of land was very important to America because it was the best way to access the Pacific Ocean. In the 19th Century, it was becoming increasingly imperative to gain lands in the West, and this thin stretch of land shortened the travel time by boat from the West Coast to East Coast in half.
Clearly, having good relations with Gran Colombia was necessary to have control over the Panama region. Gaining land and control over Latin American countries lead for the United States to also be able to benefit economically.Monroe Doctrine and Us-Latin America Relations Since the s, the Monroe Doctrine has been the foundation of the U.S.
policy toward Latin America. However, it has /5(1). Latin America–United States relations are relations between the United States of America and the countries of Latin America. Historically speaking, bilateral relations between the United States and the various countries of Latin America have been multifaceted and complex, at times defined by strong regional cooperation and at others filled.
Monroe Doctrine The Monroe Doctrine can be considered as the United States first major declaration to the world as a fairly new nation.
The Monroe Doctrine was a statement of United States policy on the activity and rights of powers in the Western Hemisphere during the early to mid s. Over the years, the Monroe Doctrine became an object, not of deep appreciation, but of great dislike in Latin America. The countries of Latin America found that they had much more reason to fear intervention by the United States than by any European power.
Political map of Latin America in , the year the Monroe Doctrine was declared. Introduction: On December 2, , President James Monroe addressed Congress, making a bold declaration, that the nations of the western hemisphere were no longer available as subjects for European control.
U.S. foreign policy toward Latin America in the 19th century initially focused on excluding or limiting the military and economic influence of European powers, territorial expansion, and encouraging American commerce.
These objectives were expressed in the No Transfer Principle () and the Monroe Doctrine (). American policy was unilateralist (not isolationist); it gradually became more.