Seismic engineering and disaster management

Terminology Terminology on Disaster Risk Reduction Basic definitions on disaster risk reduction to promote a common understanding on the subject for use by the public, authorities and practitioners.

Seismic engineering and disaster management

Build back better

Prepare your home What happens during an Earthquake? What really happens to your home during an earthquake? Watch what happens inside a home during a simulated earthquake. The shake-table simulates shaking similar to that created by the Northridge 6. As you can see from the videos the chance of getting hurt by the way we decorate our homes is much more likely than by the home falling down around us.

Video clips and photo courtesy of: Emergency service providers and utility employees will be overwhelmed following the disaster, so it is important to know when and how to shut off your water, electricity and gas if you need to.

Emergency Gas Shut Off Everyone in your family should know where the gas meter is located and how to turn it off. Most meters are at the front or side of the house. Some are put inside the building.

Prepare your home - Emergency Management |

In apartments or commercial buildings, they might be in the back. Don't turn off your gas if there is no leak. On a regular day this would not be a problem, but following a big disaster, individual homes will be the lowest priority. But, If you do smell gas or hear a leak it's vital that you turn off the gas!

Here's how to do it: Locate the meter shut-off valve. It's usually the first fitting on the gas supply pipe coming out of the ground near your meter. Use a long-handled wrench to give the valve one-quater turn in either direction so that the lever is crosswise to the pipe.

Once the gas is off, leave it off. Contact your gas company to inspect the system, check and relight appliances. Water Shut Off Water becomes a precious resource following a big disaster.

Teaching everyone in the household how to turn off the water is important.

Seismic engineering and disaster management

Unlike gas, the water can be turned on and off with no safety concerns. Your house has a number of sources for water, but if cracked lines pollute the water supply coming into your house or the effects of gravity drain the water in your hot water and toilet tanks, those sources won't be available.


Following a major disaster it's wise to turn off the water until you hear from authorities that the water supply is safe. Preparing to shut off water: Locate the shut-off valve for the water line that enters your house. Don't try to turn off the street valve at the cement box at the curb, this valve is extremely difficult to turn and requires a special tool.

Your water valve may look like the picture to the left. Make sure that the valve can be completely shut off. Your valve may be rusted open, or it may only partially close. Make repairs before the day of the disaster.

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Label the valve with a tag for easy identification, and make sure all household members know where it's located. Electrical Shut Off It's wise to teach all responsible household members where and how to shut off the electricity.

Just as with your water, turning your electricity back on doesn't pose a significant safety risk, although we recommend that you follow the steps below. Look around and think about the items in your house and if they are likely to cause injury or damage.

Retrofitting your home Was your home built before ? Prior tobuilding codes did not require builders to secure houses to their foundations.National Disaster Management Guidelines – Seismic Retrofitting of Deficient Buildings and Structures A publication of the National Disaster Management Authority, Government of .

Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries DOGAMI increases understanding of Oregon's geologic resources and hazards through science and stewardship.

DOGAMI Home page | Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries

The devastation experienced at Japan's Fukushima nuclear plant has given renewed emphasis to seismic hazards at nuclear power plants. Disaster management is the creation of plans through which communities reduce vulnerability to hazards and cope with disasters.

Disaster management does not avert or eliminate the threats; instead, it focuses on creating plans . We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. Aug 12,  · Tariff management for distribution system The Depth of Sand media in rapid sand filter The Human Fasctor In Failures The need and benefits of curing.

Disaster Management Policy Program | National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies (GRIPS)