The early life and literary works of niccolo machiavelli

His father, Bernardo Machiavelli, was a lawyer, although not a very prosperous one, with much of his income derived from family property rather than his law practice. However, he retained his membership in the lawyers' guild, which was influential in Florentine politics. Very little is know about Machiavelli's early life, but it appears that he received a typical education for a boy of the middle class, learning Latin and reading the classical Roman and Greek authors, particularly the histories.

The early life and literary works of niccolo machiavelli

Further Readings about the Author Personal Information: Also Nicolo, Niccholo, and Nicolas; also Machiavegli, Machiavello, and Machiavel Italian essayist, dramatist, historian, sketch writer, biographer, dialogist, writer of novellas, and poet.

Born May 3,in Florence, Italy; died of illness; June 21,in Florence, Italy; son of a doctor of laws; married Marietta Corsini, ; children: Studied Latin under various tutors.

Essayist, dramatist, historian, sketch writer, biographer, dialogist, writer of novellas, and poet.

Statesman and political theorist. Assisted in deposition of Girolamo Savonarola, ; appointed to the second chancery of the republic, beginning in ; Ten of Liberty and Peace government agencychancellor and secretary; removed from office, jailed, and tortured by the Medici family when Spanish forces invaded Italy in ; appointed official historian of Florence, E di Lucretia comedyc.

Discorsi di Nicolo Machiavelli La vita di Castruccio Castracani da Lucca Also, the Life of Castruccio Castracani of Lucca.

Tutte le opere storiche e litterarie di Niccolo Machiavelli treatises, history, dramas, biography, prose, and poetry The Chief Works and Others treatises, history, dramas, biography, and prosethree volumes, While addressing a wide range of political and historical topics, as well as embracing strictly literary forms, he has come to be identified almost exclusively with his highly controversial manual of state Il principe The Prince.

This straightforward, pragmatic treatise on political conduct and the application of power has, over the centuries, been variously hailed, denounced, and distorted.

Seldom has a single work generated such divergent and fierce commentary from such a wide assortment of writers.

The Prince - Wikipedia

Eliot has remarked that no great man has been so completely misunderstood. BIOGRAPHY Machiavelli was born in Florence to an established though not particularly affluent middle-class family whose members had traditionally filled responsible positions in local government. In the same year Machiavelli was appointed to the second chancery of the republic.

As chancellor and secretary to the Ten of Liberty and Peace, a sensitive government agency dealing chiefly with warfare and foreign affairs, Machiavelli participated both in domestic politics and in diplomatic missions to foreign governments.

These posts afforded him innumerable opportunities over the next fourteen years to closely examine the inner workings of government and to meet prominent individuals, among them Cesare Borgia, who furnished the young diplomat with the major profile in leadership for The Prince.

Machiavelli quickly gained political prominence and influence; by he was a well-respected assistant to the republican gonfalonier, or head of state, Piero Soderini. InSpanish forces invaded Italy and the Florentine political climate changed abruptly. The Medici for centuries the rulers of Florence, but exiled since seized the opportunity to depose Soderini and replace the republican government with their own autocratic regime.

Niccolò would grow up to share his father's literary ambitions. Very little is know about Machiavelli's early life, but it appears that he received a typical education for a boy of the middle class, learning Latin and reading the classical Roman and Greek authors, particularly the histories. Major Works. Decennali, a long poem in two parts. Niccolo (di Bernardo) Machiavelli. Nationality: Italian Place of Birth: Florence, Italy The Literary Works of MachiavelliLiterary Works of Machiavelli (drama, poetry, and novella; also see below), While little of the author's early life has been documented, it is known that as a boy he learned Latin and that he quickly became. One of the most important early works dedicated to criticism of Machiavelli, especially The Prince, was that of the Huguenot, Innocent Gentillet, Discourse against Machiavelli, commonly also referred to as Anti Machiavel, published in Geneva in

Machiavelli was purged from office, jailed and tortured for his well-known republican sentiments, and finally banished to his country residence in Percussina. Machiavelli spent the enforced retirement writing the small body of political writings that insured his literary immortality.

Completed between andDiscorsi The play was popular with audiences throughout much of Italy for several years. Meanwhile, Machiavelli had made several attempts to gain favor with the Medici including dedicating The Prince to Lorenzo. In he was appointed official historian of Florence and was subsequently entrusted with minor governmental duties.

Niccolo Machiavelli - Biography and Works. Search Texts, Read Online. Discuss.

His prodigious Istorie fiorentine History of Florence carefully dilutes his republican platform with the Medicean bias expected of him. Critics have found it ironic that the fiercely republican Machiavelli should have written a handbook advising an autocratic leader how best to acquire and maintain power and security.

Machiavelli was acutely aware, however, of foreign threats to Italian autonomy and thus deemed it necessary for a strong prince to thwart French and Spanish hegemony. Hence The Prince, addressed to the ruling Medici. He believed that a shrewd head of state, exemplified by Borgia, was essential to sublimating self-interest to common welfare.

Yet, from its initial appearance, The Prince proved no mere manual of protocol nor, for that matter, of even conventional strategy. In its chapters, Machiavelli delineated a typology of sovereignties and the deployment of available forces military, political, or psychological to acquire and retain them.Early life Niccolò Machiavelli was born on May 3, , in Florence, Italy, of nobility, though by no means wealth.

His parents, Bernardo and Bartolomea, had three other children, two daughters and a son.

The early life and literary works of niccolo machiavelli

Niccolò Machiavelli: Niccolo Machiavelli, Early life and political career. From the 13th century onward, Machiavelli’s family was wealthy and prominent, holding on occasion Florence’s most important offices. Throughout his two chief works, Machiavelli sees politics as defined by the difference between the ancients and the moderns.

A concise sketch of Machiavelli’s early life, his fourteen-year career in Florence’s republican government, years of prolific exile, and partial rehabilitation in later life. Relies heavily on . Relatively little is known for certain about Machiavelli's early life.

Machiavelli was born on May 3, , ↑ The Literary Works of Machiavelli, trans. Hale (Oxford, ), p.

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Bibliography. Niccolo Machiavelli history;. Niccolo Machiavelli biography and related resources. Niccolò Machiavelli (May 3, - June 21, ) was a Florentine political philosopher of the Renaissance.

Historical significance Machiavelli is the key figure in the realistic political theory of the Renaissance and crucial to . One of the most important early works dedicated to criticism of Machiavelli, especially The Prince, The Life of Niccolò Machiavelli (), a standard scholarly biography; Schevill, Ferdinand.

The Comedy and Tragedy of Machiavelli: Essays on the Literary Works, Born: 3 May , Florence, Republic of Florence.

Niccolò Machiavelli - Wikipedia