Progressive Era Historians debate the exact contours, but generally date the " Progressive Era " from the s to either World War I or the onset of the Great Depressionin response to the perceived excesses of the Gilded Age. Purification to eliminate waste and corruption was a powerful element,  as well as the Progressives' support of worker compensation, improved child labor laws, minimum wage legislation, a support for a maximum hours that workers could work for, graduated income tax and allowed women the right to vote.
United States History The Temperance Movement The temperance movement of the 19th and early 20th centuries was an organized effort to encourage moderation in the consumption of intoxicating liquors or press for complete abstinence.
At first, they used moral suasion to address the problem. Temperance efforts existed in antiquity, but the movement really came into its own as a reaction to the pervasive use of distilled beverages in modern times.
The earliest organizations in Europe came into being in Ireland in the s, then swept to Scotland and Britain. Norway and Sweden saw movements rise in the s. In the United States, a pledge of abstinence had been promulgated by various preachers, notably John Bartholomew Gough, at the beginning of the s.
Temperance associations were established in New York and Massachusetts The American Society for the Promotion of Temperance was interdenominational. Thanks largely to the lead from the pulpit, some 6, local temperance groups in many states were up and running by the s. The movement existed in a matrix of unrest and intellectual ferment in which such other social ills as slavery, neglect and ill-treatment of marginalized people, were addressed by liberals and conservatives alike.
The first statewide success for the temperance movement was in Maine, which passed a law on June 2,which served as model for other states.
Proponents suggested that it was motivated by a justified concern for the public welfare, but not all agreed. It is not mere bombast to declare that the esophagus, the duodenum, lacticals, and capillary ducts of free-born Americans are, and of right should be, forever inviolable; and that if the Declaration of Independence does not avail to save the contents of our stomachs and bladders from chemical analysis and legislative discussion, it is full time to make another declaration that shall mean something.
The argument, with minor changes, has been applied against the efforts of the War on Drugs in the 20th century and invasive scanning at airports in the 21st. Some believe the first U. As these groups gathered political power, their strategy changed from moral suasion to agitation for government control of liquor, using social, educational and political tactics.
In fact, they succeeded in getting many liquor laws passed nationwide, partly thanks to backing from churches as well as industrialists who faced poor worker productivity and absenteeism.
The WCTU became international in scope in the s. Some of the most notable figures associated with the U. Willard and Carry A. Nation the latter worked on her own. The effects of their efforts and thousands of other advocates included: Government regulation Instruction on alcoholism in schools Energized study of alcoholism.
The temperance movement crested when the 18th Amendment to the Constitution text Prohibition, was passed and ratified. The lifespan of the temperance movement reached a second reform era, Progressivism. This period was characterized by maturing social and governmental efforts to reform society, whose roots lay in the 19th century.
This widespread and venerable organization advocates total abstinence, but treats alcoholism as a disease and does not seek governmental control of the liquor industry.Find out what the "city on a hill" image really means in this interactive close reading lesson of Winthrop's famous sermon "A Model of Christian Charity.".
The Great Republic: Presidents and States of the United States of America, and Comments on American History. Taking everything together then, I declare that our city is the School [or "Education"] of Greece [, tês Helládos Paídeusis], and I declare that in my opinion each single one of our citizens, in all the manifold aspects of life, is able to .
The Great Republic: Presidents and States of the United States of America, and Comments on American History. Taking everything together then, I declare that our city is the School [or "Education"] of Greece [, tês Helládos Paídeusis], and I declare that in my opinion each single one of our citizens, in all the manifold aspects of life, is able to show himself the rightful lord and owner of.
History. The territory represented by the continental United States had, of course, been discovered, perhaps several times, before the voyages of Christopher benjaminpohle.com Columbus arrived, he found the New World inhabited by peoples who in all likelihood had originally come from the continent of Asia.
The nation of Israel is often held up by cuckservatives and Jews as an example of a country that has succeeded in the face of overwhelming odds.
The role of The Temperance Movement in the history of the United States of America.