Whether in the Middle East, Africa or the former Soviet Union, modern-day persecution against Christians often generates news headlines and—rightfully—motivates fellow believers toward concern and action on behalf of those who suffer for following Jesus. The recent trials of the Rohingya a Muslim people group have brought this question home. Native to the Rakhine province of Myanmar, the Rohingya have fled persecution in their Buddhist-majority homeland to more than 30 countries around the world. However, persecution can cause people to become even more fervent in their faith and cling to their religious and cultural heritage.
Definitions Broadly defined as "the faithful representation of reality" or "verisimilitude," realism is a literary technique practiced by many schools of writing. Although strictly speaking, realism is a technique, it also denotes a particular kind of subject matter, especially the representation of middle-class life.
A reaction against romanticism, an interest in scientific method, the systematizing of the study of documentary history, and the influence of rational philosophy all affected the rise of realism.
According to William Harmon and Hugh Holman, "Where romanticists transcend the immediate to find the ideal, and naturalists plumb the actual or superficial to find the scientific laws that control its actions, realists center their attention to a remarkable degree on the immediate, the here and now, the specific action, and the verifiable consequence" A Handbook to Literature Many critics have suggested that there is no clear distinction between realism and its related late nineteenth-century movement, naturalism.
Howells to London, the term "realism" is difficult to define, in part because it is used differently in European contexts than in American literature. Pizer suggests that "whatever was being produced in fiction during the s and s that was new, interesting, and roughly similar in a number of ways can be designated as realism, and that an equally new, interesting, and roughly similar body of writing produced at the turn of the century can be designated as naturalism" 5.
Put rather too simplistically, one rough distinction made by critics is that realism espousing a deterministic philosophy and focusing on the lower classes is considered naturalism. In American literature, the term "realism" encompasses the period of time from the Civil War to the turn of the century during which William Dean Howells, Rebecca Harding Davis, Henry James, Mark Twain, and others wrote fiction devoted to accurate representation and an exploration of American lives in various contexts.
As the United States grew rapidly after the Civil War, the increasing rates of democracy and literacy, the rapid growth in industrialism and urbanization, an expanding population base due to immigration, and a relative rise in middle-class affluence provided a fertile literary environment for readers interested in understanding these rapid shifts in culture.
In drawing attention to this connection, Amy Kaplan has called realism a "strategy for imagining and managing the threats of social change" Social Construction of American Realism ix. Realism was a movement that encompassed the entire country, or at least the Midwest and South, although many of the writers and critics associated with realism notably W.
Howells were based in New England. Among the Midwestern writers considered realists would be Joseph Kirkland, E. Selective presentation of reality with an emphasis on verisimilitude, even at the expense of a well-made plot Character is more important than action and plot; complex ethical choices are often the subject.
Characters appear in their real complexity of temperament and motive; they are in explicable relation to nature, to each other, to their social class, to their own past. Class is important; the novel has traditionally served the interests and aspirations of an insurgent middle class.
Realistic novels avoid the sensational, dramatic elements of naturalistic novels and romances.
|What are characteristics of Modernist literature, fiction in particular?||They were certainly the progenitors of the state builders of the great Northwest. Within fifty years of their coming, Ohio had a million and a half of people, and had already made such rapid strides in its internal improvementits systems of navigation, its jurisprudence, and its enlargement of public education, as to become an example to some of the older states.|
|Expert Answers||Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues.|
Diction is natural vernacular, not heightened or poetic; tone may be comic, satiric, or matter-of-fact. Objectivity in presentation becomes increasingly important: Interior or psychological realism a variant form.
In Black and White Strangers, Kenneth Warren suggests that a basic difference between realism and sentimentalism is that in realism, "the redemption of the individual lay within the social world," but in sentimental fiction, "the redemption of the social world lay with the individual" The realism of James and Twain was critically acclaimed in twentieth century; Howellsian realism fell into disfavor as part of early twentieth century rebellion against the "genteel tradition.From the bow came essentially three main types of stringed instruments: the Harp family, which was the sound of plucked strings indirectly transmitted to an attached sound box.
The History of Guitar Essay The History of the The Three Characteristics of the American Pioneers; Feminism & The Tempest; Yann Martel Essay; Yann Martel. Realism in American Literature, For a much more extensive description than appears on this brief page, see the works listed in the realism bibliography and .
Three distinct personality traits of these pioneers keep coming back to me as I ponder which ones to use in the assigned essay.
Courage, perseverance, and passion keep pestering my mind. Courage is the strongest and most important characteristic. He was discriminated against because he was African-American. The Transcending Characteristics of a Mythical Hero Essay Words | 7 Pages.
More about Characteristics of a Hero Essay. Characteristics of a Tragic Hero in Oedipus the King by Sophocles Words | 5 Pages;. Three distinct personality traits of these pioneers keep coming back to me as I ponder which ones to use in the assigned essay. Courage, perseverance, and passion keep pestering my mind.
Courage is the strongest and most important characteristic.4/5(1). Three distinct personality traits of these pioneers keep coming back to me as I ponder which ones to use in the assigned essay. Courage, perseverance, and passion keep pestering my mind.
Courage is the strongest and most important characteristic.4/5(1).